Title Indian Rights & Our Duties. An Address Delivered at Amherst, Hartford, Etc. December, 1829.
Binding Publisher's wrapper
Book Condition Very Good
Publisher Amherst; Northampton; New York J. S. & C. Adams and Co.; S. Butler and Son; Jonathan Leavitt 1830
Seller ID Books009446
24 pages. 7 x 4.2 inches. Publisher's printed wrapper with Adams ads on rear dated March 1830. Some green ink or paint beneath author's name on front cover; minor curling or dogearing to some corners. Four leaves with marginal tideline not touching text. Overall an excellent example of this important witness. From pages 6-8: "Thus, when we were few and they were many - we were weak and they were strong, - instead of driving us back into the sea, as they might have done at any time, they cherished our perilous infancy and tendered to us the sacred emblems of peace. They gave us land as much as we wanted, or sold it to us for nothing. They permitted us quietly to clear up the wilderness, and to build habitations, and school houses, and churches. And when every thing began to smile around us, under the combined influence of industry, education and religion, these savages did not come to us and say, "We want your houses - we want your fine cultivated farms: you must move off. There is room enough for you beyond the western rivers, where you may settle down on a better soil, and begin anew." Nor, because we were strongly attached to our fire sides, and to our fathers sepulchres, did they say, "You are mere tenants at will: We own all the land, and if you insist upon staying longer you must dissolve your government and submit to such laws as we choose to make for you." No - the Indian tribes of the seventeenth century knew nothing of these modern refinements: they were no such adepts in the law of nature and nations. They allowed us to abide by our own council fires, and to govern ourselves as we chose, when they could either have dispossessed, or subjugated us at pleasure. We did remain, and we gradually waxed rich and strong. We wanted more land and they sold it to us at our own price. Still we were not satisfied. There was room enough to the west, and we advised them to move farther back. If they took our advice, well. If not, we knew how to enforce it. And where are those once terrible nations now? Driven alternately by purchase and by conquest, from river to river, and from mountain to mountain, they have disappeared with their own gigantic forests, and we, their enlightened heirs at law and the sword, now plough up their bones with as much indifference as we do their arrows. Shall I name the Mohegans, the Pequots, the Iroquois, and the Mohawks? What has become of them, and of a hundred other independant nations which dwelt on this side of the Mississippi when we landed at Plymouth and at James Town? Here and there, as at Penobscot, and Mashpee, and Oneida, you may see a diminutive and downcast remnant, wandering like troubled ghosts among the graves of their mighty progenitors. Thus have our trinkets, our threats, our arms, our whisky, our bribes, and our vices, all but annihilated those vast physical and intellectual energies of a native population, which for more than a hundred and fifty years, could make us quake and flee at pleasure, throughout all our northern, western, and southern borders."